Sesame - White Sesame (Sesamum indicum 'Shirogoma') Non GMO Organic Annual Herb Shrub

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Sesame - White Sesame (Sesamum indicum 'Shirogoma') Non GMO Organic Annual Herb Shrub

Annual or Biennial: Sesame plants are typically grown as annuals.

The 'Shirogoma' white sesame variety (Sesamum indicum) stands as a noteworthy cultivar within the agricultural domain, valued for its culinary significance and potential health benefits. As an annual plant, its growth follows a distinct cycle, and successful cultivation can be achieved through systematic measures.

Latin Name: Sesamum indicum 'Shirogoma'

Healing Properties: While sesame seeds are primarily valued for their culinary uses, they contain essential nutrients such as healthy fats, protein, and minerals. Their consumption is associated with potential health benefits, including heart health and antioxidant properties.

Growing Instructions:

  • Germination Time: Sesame seeds typically germinate within 5-10 days. Start seeds directly outdoors when the soil has warmed, or start indoors 4-6 weeks before the last frost for later transplanting.
  • Germination Rate: Germination rates vary, but maintaining soil temperatures around 70-85°F (21-29°C) enhances the success rate.
  • Soil Preparation: Sesame plants prefer well-drained soil with a pH ranging from 6.0 to 7.0. Sandy loam or loamy soils are ideal for cultivation.
  • Seed Planting: Sow sesame seeds 1/2 inch deep, spacing them 12-18 inches apart. Optimal row spacing is approximately 24 inches.
  • Sunlight and Watering: Sesame plants thrive in full sunlight. Ensure well-drained soil and water consistently, allowing the top inch of soil to dry between watering.
  • Fertilization: Apply a balanced, all-purpose fertilizer during planting and provide additional nutrients during the growing season if needed.
  • Pest and Disease Management: Monitor for pests such as aphids and spider mites. Implement pest control measures if necessary. Sesame is generally resistant to many diseases.
  • Harvesting: Harvest sesame seeds when the capsules turn brown, and the lower leaves begin to fall. Cut the plants at ground level and hang them to dry. Thresh the seeds to collect the sesame.
  • Seed count: 1 gram